New paper (behind paywall) Reconstructing the genetic history of late Neanderthals, by Mateja Hajdinjak, Qiaomei Fu, Alexander Hübner, et al. Nature (2018).
Although it has previously been shown that Neanderthals contributed DNA to modern humans, not much is known about the genetic diversity of Neanderthals or the relationship between late Neanderthal populations at the time at which their last interactions with early modern humans occurred and before they eventually disappeared. Our ability to retrieve DNA from a larger number of Neanderthal individuals has been limited by poor preservation of endogenous DNA and contamination of Neanderthal skeletal remains
… Read the rest “Reconstructing the genetic history of late Neanderthals”
Open access preprint article at bioRxiv Ancient Genomics Reveals Four Prehistoric Migration Waves into Southeast Asia, by McColl, Racimo, Vinner, et al. (2018).
Abstract (emphasis mine):
Two distinct population models have been put forward to explain present-day human diversity in Southeast Asia. The first model proposes long-term continuity (Regional Continuity model) while the other suggests two waves of dispersal (Two Layer model). Here, we use whole-genome capture in combination with shotgun sequencing to generate 25 ancient human genome sequences from mainland and island Southeast Asia, and directly test the two competing hypotheses. We find that early genomes from Hoabinhian
… Read the rest “Genomics reveals four prehistoric migration waves into South-East Asia”
A new paper has appeared at BioRxiv, The Genomic Health Of Ancient Hominins (2017) by Berence, Cooper and Lachance.
Important results are available at: http://popgen.gatech.edu/ancient-health/.
While the study’s many limitations are obvious to the authors, they still suggest certain interesting possibilities as the most important conclusions:
- In general, Genetic risk scores (GRS) are similar to present-day individuals
- Genomic health seems to be improving over time
- Pastoralists could have been healthier than older and modern populations
Some details and shortcomings of the study (most stated by them, bold is from me) include:
- Allele selection: only some of the known
… Read the rest “Indo-European pastoralists healthier than modern populations? Genomic health improving over time”