Early Copper Age

Map of Early Copper Age migrations, from the collection of Maps of prehistoric migrations.

For context and reference, please read the book on Indo-European and Uralic migrations.

Click on each file to open or download the full version.

Current version: 5.8 (October 2020)

10-chalcolithic-early
Map of Early Chalcolithic migrations ca. 2950-2550 BC. See full map.

NOTE. As of September 2020, there is a new intermediate map showing the Final Eneolithic period, set between the previous Late Eneolithic and Early Chalcolithic maps.

 

Maps of Y-DNA, mtDNA, and ADMIXTURE

pdf-logoY-DNA data (PDF). 28 March 2020.

openlayers-logoOpenLayers Y-DNA Map (slow to load!). 10 June 2020.

pdf-logomtDNA data (PDF). 28 March 2020.

openlayers-logoOpenLayers mtDNA Map (slow to load!). 3 June 2020.

pdf-logoADMIXTURE K=7 (PDF). December 2019.

Older files:

chalcolithic-early-europe-y-dna
Y-DNA haplogroups in Europe during the Early Chalcolithic. See full map.
asia-chalcolithic-early
Y-DNA haplogroups in Asia during the Early Chalcolithic. See full map.
chalcolithic-early-y-dna
Y-DNA haplogroups in West Eurasia during the Yamnaya expansion. See full map.

Older versions

Fifth version: 2019-2020

chalcolithic-early
Map of Early Chalcolithic migrations ca. 3300-2600 BC. See full map.

Image with no labels (JPG). February 2019.

Fourth version: October 2017

early-chalcolithic
Diachronic map of Copper Age migrations ca. 3100-2600 BC

Third version: September 2017

early-copper-age
Diachronic map of Early Copper Age migrations ca. 3100-2600 BC

Second version: June 2017

copper-age-early
Diachronic map of Copper Age migrations ca. 3100-2600 BC

First version: February 2017

One map for all Chalcolithic migrations

chalcolithic-1
Diachronic map of Copper Age migrations ca. 3000-2250 BC

Older versions: 2007

Corded Ware, western Yamna migration and East Bell Beaker as vectors of Indo-European languages:

calcolithic-expansion
Chalcolithic – Corded Ware as Indo-European languages