Indo-European.eu https://indo-european.eu Languages, Cultures & Peoples Sun, 02 Aug 2020 15:50:41 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.2 https://indo-european.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/cropped-logo-1-32x32.png Indo-European.eu https://indo-european.eu 32 32 Xiongnu Y-DNA connects Huns & Avars to Scytho-Siberians https://indo-european.eu/2020/08/xiongnu-ancestry-connects-huns-avars-to-scytho-siberians/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/08/xiongnu-ancestry-connects-huns-avars-to-scytho-siberians/#comments Sun, 02 Aug 2020 11:46:38 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=31272 Recent paper (behind paywall) Genetic evidence suggests a sense of family, parity and conquest in the Xiongnu Iron Age nomads of Mongolia, by Keyser, Zvénigorosky, Gonzalez, et al. Human Genetics (2020).

Interesting excerpts (emphasis mine):

Site and bodies

The Tamir Ulaan Khoshuu (TUK) cemetery is located near the confluence of the Tamir River and the Orkhon River in the Arkhangai Aimag (Central Mongolia), about four hundred kilometers west of the capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar. It encompasses an area of 22 hectares located on a prominent granitic outcrop and comprises a total of 397 graves, delimited by stone circles. (…)

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“Local” Tollense Valley warriors rich in haplogroups R1b and I2a https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/local-tollense-valley-battlefield-warriors-rich-in-haplogroups-r1b-and-i2a/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/local-tollense-valley-battlefield-warriors-rich-in-haplogroups-r1b-and-i2a/#comments Thu, 30 Jul 2020 10:41:57 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=31217 Recently published paper Genomic Data from an Ancient European Battlefield Indicates On-Going Strong Selection on a Genomic Region Associated with Lactase Persistence Over the Last 3,000 Years, by Burger et al., submitted to Current Biology, available at CellPress SneakPeek.

Interesting excerpts (emphasis mine):

Tollense sample shows no structure

Multiple lines of evidence point to little or no genetic structure in the population from which the Tollense individuals were sampled. First, all individuals fall within the range of Central and northern European variation when projected onto a principle component analysis (PCA) trained on modern samples and their spread matches that

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Tug of war between Balto-Slavic and West Uralic (II) https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/tug-of-war-between-balto-slavic-and-west-uralic-ii/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/tug-of-war-between-balto-slavic-and-west-uralic-ii/#comments Sun, 26 Jul 2020 10:45:44 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30946 It is firmly established since (at least) the 1980s that Balto-Slavic, Baltic and Slavic show a strong Uralic substrate, even though many details are still the subject of ongoing controversies. Here is how the Baltic linguistic area was described in Thomason’s Language Contact (2001):

Overall, the Baltic area has the same characteristics as the Balkan area: areal linguistic features are distributed differentially among the languages, and the features themselves vary in details of their structure. As for the sources of the Baltic features, some can be traced to Uralic and some to Indo-European, especially Germanic. The Indo-European languages most

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Basic framework of language contact-induced change https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/basic-framework-of-language-contact-induced-change/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/basic-framework-of-language-contact-induced-change/#comments Sat, 18 Jul 2020 12:11:26 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30919 The standard textbook for studying language contact, as far as I know, was Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics, by Sarah Grey Thomason & Terrence Kaufman, UCP (1991, c1988). The reader will surely recognize many of this text’s proposals of language contacts in my books.

Here are some relevant excerpts from the Introduction/Summary of chapter 1 (emphasis mine, some stylistic changes for clarity):

The starting point for our theory of linguistic interference is this: it is the sociolinguistic history of the speakers, and not the structure of their language, that is the primary determinant of the linguistic outcome

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N-Z1936 thrived around the Urals in the Middle Ages https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/n-z1936-rich-populations-thrived-in-the-trans-urals/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/n-z1936-rich-populations-thrived-in-the-trans-urals/#comments Tue, 14 Jul 2020 07:33:57 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30880 New preprint Early Medieval Genetic Data from Ural Region Evaluated in the Light of Archaeological Evidence of Ancient Hungarians, by Csaky et al. bioRxiv (2020).

Interesting excerpts (emphasis mine):

Based on linguistic evidences, the Hungarian language, belonging to the Ugric branch of the Uralic language family, was developed at the eastern side of Ural Mountains between 1000-500 BC. According to the written and linguistic sources and archaeological arguments, after the 6th century AD, part of the predecessors of Hungarians moved to the Western Urals (Cis-Ural region) from their ancient homeland. Around the first third of 9th century

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RISE1.SG, R1b from Poland CWC, a likely mislabelled Balto-Slav https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/rise1-sg-r1b-from-poland-cwc-a-likely-mislabelled-balto-slav/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/rise1-sg-r1b-from-poland-cwc-a-likely-mislabelled-balto-slav/#comments Sun, 12 Jul 2020 11:33:25 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30775 When I started ruminating in 2016 over the apparent differences between populations that kept the two-velar distinction of Indo-Tocharian, and the only two unrelated dialectal groups that showed a strong satemization trend, I believed that – much like in modern times – there would be no clear-cut division in terms of ancestry or Y-DNA haplogroups between neighbouring forest-steppe and steppe populations.

The answer to the question of interacting ethnolinguistic groups had to lie, as everything else, on the investigation of fine-scale population movements that must have put Uralic-speaking peoples as the main substratum of Balto-Slavic and Indo-Iranian.

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R1a-Z93-rich Classical CWC-like Fatyanovo replaced Volosovo https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/r1a-z93-rich-classical-cwc-like-fatyanovo-replaced-volosovo/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/07/r1a-z93-rich-classical-cwc-like-fatyanovo-replaced-volosovo/#comments Sat, 04 Jul 2020 12:06:54 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30624 Open access Genetic ancestry changes in Stone to Bronze Age transition in the East European plain, by Saag et al. bioRxiv (2020).

Interesting excerpts (emphasis mine):

Y-DNA chromosome haplogroup

(…) the Bronze Age Fatyanovo Culture individuals [] maternal (subclades of mtDNA hg U5, U4, U2e, H, T, W, J, K, I and N1a) and paternal (chrY hg R1a-M417) lineages were ones characteristic of CWC individuals elsewhere in Europe. Interestingly, in all individuals for which the chrY hg could be determined with more depth (n=6), it was R1a2-Z93, a lineage now spread in Central and South Asia, rather than the

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Slavs in the Making – History, Linguistics and Archaeology https://indo-european.eu/2020/06/slavs-in-the-making-history-linguistics-and-archaeology/ https://indo-european.eu/2020/06/slavs-in-the-making-history-linguistics-and-archaeology/#respond Fri, 26 Jun 2020 20:23:31 +0000 https://indo-european.eu/?p=30562 Florin Curta strikes again with the early release of an unpublished book, Slavs in the Making. History, Linguistics and Archaeology in Eastern Europe (ca. 500 – ca. 700), Routledge (2021), freely available now at Academia.edu.

Interesting excerpts (emphasis mine, minor stylistic changes for clarity):

Migration

Much has been made of the supposed conservatism of the Slavic ceramic repertoire. In reality, the fossilization of pottery forms and, occasionally, patterns of decoration, are typically indications of maintaining pottery-making and its appearance “as remembered.” As such, conservatism (leading to the treatment of pots as heirlooms, a material reminiscence of life

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