|This text was copied from a written and may need to be wikified to meet Wiki Web standards.|
Please help , especially its section layout, relevant internal links and references
2.5.1. Syllables are distinguished according to the length of time required for their pronunciation. Two degrees of Quantity are recognized, long and short.
NOTE. In syllables, quantity is measured from the beginning of the vowel or diphthong to the end of the syllable. Such distinctions of long and short are not arbitrary and artificial, but are purely natural, a long syllable requiring more time for its pronunciation than a short one.
2.5.3. A syllable is long usually,
- if it contains a long vowel; as, mā-tḗr, mother, kē-lā-jō, hide,
- if it contains a diphthong; as, lai-wós, left, oi-nos, one,
- if it contains any two non-syllabic consonants (except a mute followed by l or r); as, pneu-sō, breathe strongly, tmā-mi, cut.
2.5.4. A syllable is short usually,
- if it contains a short vowel followed by a vowel or by a single consonant; as, pel-nis, skin, or e-í-mi, go,
- if it contains a vocalic sonant; as, qṛ-mis, worm, cṃ-tis, march.